Lecture – Pakistan’s relations with Regional Countries


Pakistan’s relations with Regional Countries – Part 2
Iran, Afghanistan, and the Middle East
At National Management College Lahore,
15 March 2019

  • World is changing rapidly:
    • Strategic landscape: A new Cold War. Arms races. Indo US alignment. Indo Pacific strategy.
    • Ubiquitous change: Immigration, Int trade, Nationalism (A new book by Francis Fukuyama titled “Identity” argues that nation, religion, sect, race, ethnicity, gender are the categories of identity that have overtaken broader more inclusive ideas of who we are. Walls are going up instead of bridges. Populist nationalists define their connection to the people in narrow identity terms and exclude large parts of population. The book is a warning that unless we forge a universal understanding of human dignity, we will doom ourselves to continual conflict). Recall 1989 Essay by Fukuyama in which he argued that liberal democracy and capitalism have triumphed. There is no alternative or remaining challenges. Titled End of History? And later his book evoked a big debate.

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